Water System

Water filtration

Basic breakdown of different types of water filtration

Some types of water filtration media strain out particles.  The amount of filtration depends upon the micron rating of the filter media.  The smaller the number the smaller the particles it will filter out.  These types of filters are generally referred to as sediment filters since they filter out actual undissolved particles.  Another type of filtration is actually a process that changes the chemical make up of the water.  An example of this is when you filter water that has chlorine in it. The chlorine goes through activated carbon and the electrons change the water. This happens as it passes through the carbon filter media and changes into harmless chloride.

Most dual or multi stage basic filter systems use a sediment filter followed by an activated carbon filter.  Most whole house water filters use a process of layering filter media in a single tank to filter many things out all at once.  Single, dual, & multi stage systems can be installed under your sink to improve the waters taste and odor at a faucet, can be installed in line on a refrigerator, and can be installed as a whole house system at the water service entrance to the house to filter everything.

Reverse osmosis water filtration

Reverse osmosis uses a combination of different stages to filter your water.  A basic RO system will have a carbon pre-filter. This is followed by a membrane filter (the actual reverse osmosis stage) and then a carbon post filter.  The actual reverse osmosis stage filters water that has dissolved impurities in it.  This stage actually works much like a sediment filter except that the way this system is designed it allows water with dissolved solids to pass through to a drain and the “pure” water is allowed to pass through to a storage tank.  Normally we see these types of units installed under a kitchen sink with a separate spout mounted on the sink or counter top.  This is the most effective way of getting purified water.  

Whole House Reverse Osmosis

Though purified water may not necessarily be the best thing for you… water with useful minerals is actually better in most cases.  Reverse osmosis does waste a lot of water, but it is very effective.  There are also very large reverse osmosis systems available.  It is possible to have reverse osmosis water for your whole house, but it would be quite a costly system, starting at about $5,000.00 just for a small whole house reverse osmosis filter system.  

Installing these types of systems requires that you have special piping in your home. You will want to separate the toilets, sprinklers, hose bibbs onto unfiltered water to conserve the filtered water.  I wouldn’t recommend this for anyone, but I thought it was interesting to know that these types of systems are available.

Water Softening

Lastly, there is water softening, which is a whole subject in itself.  Living in southern California we nearly all have hard water.  It leaves crusty deposits on our faucets, shower heads, and other plumbing fixtures.  Hard water leaves your skin dry and makes it so that you need to use more soap to clean laundry than you would if you had soft water.  Hard water also builds up in your water heater.  If you have a tankless water heater unit it probably has a warranty stipulation that requires you to have some sort of scale inhibitor to keep the hard water build up from getting into the heat exchanger.  If you have a traditional tanked water heater you likely hear a rumbling sound. This is caused from the water build up in the bottom of the tank.  There are many approaches to dealing with hard water. The only way to eliminate hard water completely is to “soften” the water.  

Traditional Water Softeners

A traditional water softener uses a process called ionic exchange to remove the hard water ions (typically calcium and magnesium) which are in the water and replace them with either a sodium ion or a potassium ion (I recommend using potassium).  Some scale reduction filters use this same principal but just do less softening.  Other types of scale inhibitors include pass through filters and electronic units. They isolate the hard water molecules in some manner and then pass through your plumbing system without attaching to anything.  

I’ve personally found that most of these types of system are only marginally effective.  A water softener requires it to be connected to the inlet water supply to your house. It must be connected to a plumbing drain, and needs an electrical connection.

As a side note, most municipally supplied water is tested regularly and must pass certain safety regulations set by the government to make sure it is safe to drink.

If you have more questions about water filtration call Mitch today at (562) 242-3218

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Water Softener Installation Services

Water Filtration and Water Softeners

Want Great Water in Your Home?

Clean drinking water is an important part of good health. With a quality water filtration system you can have water from your tap that’s often better than bottled water. Mitch Clemmons Plumbing offers solutions for all your water quality needs. Do you need basic filter replacement or installation of a whole house filtration system or a water softener? Whole house water filtration and water softening work together to give homeowners the best water quality possible.

Softening your water does many wonderful things for you and your home:


  • Saves a lot of money on detergents, shampoos, and soaps since you need just a tiny bit.
  • Keeps your skin soft and your hair silky and manageable.
  • Clothes stay more colorful and looking new longer using soft water for washing.
  • Allows for easier all-around cleaning.
  • Keeps your shower walls free from hard water film. 
  • Prevents plumbing scale and mineral deposits in your pipes and water heater extending the life of those household appliances.
  • Reduces energy costs because appliances work more efficiently with clean water running through the pipes.
  • Adding a water softener and drinking water system will increase your home's value.

Interested in Clean Drinking Water?

A reverse osmosis system at your kitchen sink is another type of water filtration.  It takes that soft water to the next level by making it perfect for drinking and cooking purposes. Most of the big bottled water companies use reverse osmosis systems to clean their water.

We can also install hot water machines that allow instant hot water to be available at your finger tips right at the kitchen sink. This is perfect for teas, coffees, soups and so many other uses in the kitchen! We offer a wide variety of options and services for your home or office. 

Can I Get Water Filtration and an Automated Coffee Machine in the Office?

If you’re a business owner looking to setup a beverage station for your employees, we can help! Whether it’s an automated coffee machine, soda machine, drinking fountain, or any refreshment equipment we can get that set up for you. Research suggests offering quality beverages at the office increases productivity. 

Let us show you the various ways you can perk up your office with various water filtration products. 

We also offer scheduled maintenance for your water filters and equipment. This is important and should be put on your calendar every year. 

Call Us!  (562) 242-3218